What Is an Appendix in a Research Paper? A Beginner’s Guide

A lot of consideration goes into categorizing the data to include in your paper. Some items may seem too detailed for the results section and yet relevant to the understanding of tackled concepts.

This kind of information is included in the appendix of your paper. Since the appendix is unpopular in common essays, it is often a cause for confusion among many students. This article will answer popular questions regarding the appendix for the research paper to help you prepare an outstanding paper.

What is an appendix in a research paper?

An appendix is a section containing additional information that explains/ justifies data in your research. This chapter follows your references section and does not comprise the final tally of your word count.

However, the appendices do not include any visual aids and information that was already presented in the results section. Ideally, sort out relevant information and use the summary that highlights relationships between various variables within the results.

Any additional data that was used to reach your conclusion should be added to the appendix and cited within relevant sections to guide the reader to the necessary raw data. 

What goes in the appendix of a research paper

Simply put, the appendix comprises all relevant supplementary information. The items in the appendix range from but are not limited to:

  • Charts
  • Graphs
  • Diagrams
  • Transcripts
  • Copies of surveys
  • Technical notes
  • Financial data

The appendices are determined by your field of study and your selected research approach. 

How long should an appendix be in a paper

There is no fixed length of the appendix section of your paper. However, keep the appendix below 5% of your work. If your research paper spans sixty pages, limit your appendix to five pages. An exaggerated appendix may carry information that’s irrelevant to your study and thus fail to offer any value to your reader. 

How to write an appendix for a research paper

Although it serves a supplementary role in your paper, there are multiple rules for writing the appendix in a paper. Some of the tips to bear in mind when writing the appendix are: 

  • Use a similar font with your paper and format your appendices with a double-line spacing
  • Organize your appendices into sections and subsections, helping the reader to easily trace information within the appendix. Each section of the appendix should be designated to a letter e.g., (Appendix A, section 1). Etc. 
  • Use a consecutive numbering system in the appendix to make it easy for a reader to trace various items in the appendix section. 
  • Accompany all visual aids with a title and a caption to guide your reader on the relevance of each item to your study.
  • As you write your paper, refer to the appendices and include the details of the appendix you are referring to in parentheses. This will allow a reader to trace the data easily and understand how you reached various conclusions.
  • Start your appendix on a fresh page after the references/ work cited section of your paper.
  • When writing your table of content, tackle all the appendices within the table of content to help a reader find various supplementary through the table of contents.
  • Highlight all the data and stages of collection in your appendix to allow scholars who are replicating your work to confirm various findings.
  • Revise your appendix section and ensure that its free of various errors that might result in ambiguity. 
  • The appendices should appear in the order by which your information is presented.
  • If any source is used within an appendix in research paper, duly acknowledge the sources with an in-text and works cited reference.

Example of an appendix in a research paper

What does an appendix look like in a research paper? Here is an outline of an appendix section to help you organize your paper.

Appendix A: preliminary research

Section 1: survey

  • Subsection 1.1: participant demographics
  • Subsection 1.2: survey

Section 2: interview

  • Subsection 2.1: transcription
  • Subsection 2.2: analysis

Section 3: Reports

  • Subsection 2.1: relevance of it in improving teaching-learning methods
  • Subsection 2.2: data on experiments on various learning approaches

8 College Level Writing Tips Will Make Your Papers Stand Out

Academic papers are a staple for college studies. Besides helping improve your critical thinking skills, academic-level writing helps improve your ability to report on various topics and make academic arguments.

Many college students, however, struggle with writing a college paper with most settling for the bare minimum of completing and submitting a paper. This article will offer writing tips for college to help you overcome mediocre papers, ensuring fast completion of your papers without compromising on quality. 

What is college writing?

College writing refers to academic writing intended to analyse, prove and argue a point based on evidence. Unlike high school writing tasks, college tasks are meant to familiarize a student with the body of knowledge in a topic by requiring a learner to make a coherent argument while using various sources as evidence. 

As such, college papers are analytical and longer than their high school counterparts. 

Tips for writing papers in college

Your approach to college writing greatly determines the quality of your papers. some of the tips that we recommend for outstanding college papers are:

1. Start early

When writing an essay, start early to have ample time to perform quality research and edit your paper thoroughly. Ideally, develop a schedule for writing your essay and set your daily targets to ensure gradual progression in your writing process.

Also, chunk your writing into phases to overcome procrastination that stems from a fear of the sheer amount of work associated with writing your essay. 

2. Develop an outline

An outline is a great resource that helps you gauge the completeness of research and the flow of arguments in a paper for college. Owing to the vast number of arguments within your paper, you should develop an outline to organize your claims into a quality argument.

The outline usually guides you in writing your essay while avoiding conflicting ideas that could side-track you to other ideas. 

3. Consult your tutor

Your tutor is a great guide for various phases of your writing. The tutor can help your gauge the quality of your selected topic, helping you to make various adjustments before you start to write your paper. 

After developing an outline, consult your tutor for guidance as they can highlight ideas that require further research and determine how well your topic meets its purpose. 

4. Take breaks

Like all muscles, the brain wears out after long durations of exercise. As such, you cannot manage to focus on an essay over long durations. Your attention span tends to reduce after limited periods of activity, impairing your capacity to work on a paper objectively. 

Ideally, take breaks in your writing session to refocus your attention, ensuring maximum productivity. you may opt to employ the Pomodoro technique and use incremental rewards to associate the completion of various goals with positive stimuli. 

5. Keep it simple

Often, students feel the pressure of making each essay their magnum opus. As such, they set unrealistic ideals for their paper, and apply tons of technical jargon to achieve the standards of scientific publications.

This approach exposes on to extreme pressure, limiting your capacity to work on your paper. Ideally, write your paper in a clear, simple manner that’s easy for any person to read. Also, limit the use of jargon to topic-related terminologies to avoid ambiguity, which could compromise your final score. 

6. Keep track of your sources

College-level writing is heavily dependent on sources to support various arguments within your paper. Unfortunately, the failure to credit a source within your work may result in plagiarism.

For this, we recommend that you keep a meticulous list of all sources used in your argument, making it easy to prepare a complete bibliography section. 

7. Get editing help

Editing is a crucial stage for writing in college. However, time is rarely a luxury afforded to many college students. Editing help may come in handy for writing your paper. 

This assistance allows you to manage your paper in time and overcome time limitations that could compromise quality editing. 

8. Practice

Practice makes perfect. If you are looking to improve your essay writing skills, read a vast number of academic papers and also write multiple papers.

Through practice, you can learn how to head a college paper, and various referencing styles and broaden your perspective on various topics.